When I work with people with anxiety, people often say that one or both of their parents were anxious, or their brothers or sisters are anxious. It makes sense then, to the person, that maybe anxiety is just in their family – it is in the genes.
My concern with this is that if the person accepts that it is part of the family, there does not appear to be much control for the person to do something about it if they believe it is in their genes.
Is anxiety hereditary?
I prefer to think that we can “learn” to be anxious. This gives much more control. If we can learn to be anxious, we can unlearn it.
How can we learn anxiety from parents or caregivers?
A baby’s early experience is crucial to their emotional development and the development of their nervous system. For the point of this article, you can think of the nervous system as a thermostat for what you are feeling.
In an ideal situation, if the baby is crying, they are already feeling distressed and more aroused (stress) from their nervous system. If their parent responds to this distress calmly and meets the child’s needs, the baby will quickly calm. They will move from distress to calm from high arousal to low arousal. You can think of this as moving from a stress response to a relaxation response.
If, in another situation, the baby is crying, and the parent is feeling under pressure and stress, the baby may pick up on this. The parent, doing their best, may pick up the baby but might be pacing up and down quickly or bouncing the baby on their knee with a bit too much gusto. Rather than calm the child, the arousal might increase – they may feel more stress before they feel calm.
Over time, if this is repeated, the baby will learn, distress means slightly more distress. Their nervous system will adapt to their environment. You can think of this crudely as stress is met with more stress.
What does this mean for us as adults?
The chances are the adult may have difficulty helpfully responding to stress. They may feel more arousal in their body than is necessary. Stress is met with more stress.
The good news is you can change this.
We now know that we can change the way we habitually respond to stress. We can teach ourselves to induce a relaxation response, which induces calm in the body and brain.
This is very important, as some of us need to be taught how to regulate our own emotions. How to be able to calm ourselves and move easily from distress to calm – basic self-soothing principles